NCLEX Test Study Guides | NCLEX Test Flashcards

NCLEX Cholinomimetrics

  1. Muscarinic AgonistsA. Bethanecol (URECHOLINE) – increase GI motility
    B. Carbachol (ISOPTO, MIOSTAT, CARBACHOL) – various types of glaucoma
    C. Methacholine (PROVOCHOLINE) – test hyperactivity of airways
    D. Pilocarpine – used for glaucoma
  2. AnticholinesterasesA. Pysostigmine (ANTILIRIUM) – treat glaucoma, crosses BBB, reverse anticholinergic toxicity.B. Neostigmine (PROSTIGMIN) – synthetic form of Pysostigmine

(Anticholinesterases) – used for Myasthenia gravis, glaucoma, and to increase tone in bladder

Symptoms of Anticholinesterase toxicity:

  1. Miosis
  2. Rhinitis
  3. Bradycardia
  4. GI spasms
  5. brochoconstriction
  6. involuntary voiding of urine